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Country of Origin Hong Kong, SAR China
Description 產品編號: 9789882014145
作者/譯者/編者: 周興嗣等
出版社: 天地圖書有限公司
國際書號: 9789882014145
出版年月: 2003-01
頁數: 142
圖書分類: 中國民間文學
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Description
 本書為舊時代兒童啟蒙的識字課本,從南北朝到清末,已在民間流行了一千四百多年。書中選擇了一千個常用漢字,基本上不重複,四字一句,每句成文,前後連貫,講究押韻。
  其內容包括天地、歷史、人事、修身、讀書、飲食、居住、農藝、園林,以及祭祀等各種社會活動,既可幫助幼童理解和熟記常用文字,也藉此寄寓了中國人為人處世的道德倫理。
  學懂這一千個中文字,便可以作基本的閱讀,這也是《千字文》千年來受重視的原因。

前言
  中國傳統語文教育的一個重點是識字教育,主要教材是「三、百、千」(即《三字經》、《百家姓》、《千字文》),我們已全部收入《傳統蒙學叢書》,這裡將南朝梁周興嗣編的《千字文》、南宋時胡寅編的《敘古千文》和其他三種《千字文》的續本合為一冊出版。
  周興嗣編的《千字文》,是一本公認為編得好的識字書,從南北朝直到清末,流行了一千四百多年,成為世界上現存出書最早、使用時間最久、影響最大的識字課本,不能不說是世界教育史上的一個奇蹟。試想:只用一千個字,基本上不重複,四字一句,每句成文,前後連貫,還要押韻,這是多麼不容易的事。其內容包括天地、歷史、人事、修身、讀書、飲食、居住、農藝、園林,以及祭祀等各種社會文化活動,雖然深深地打上了宗法封建社會的印記,但有些話如:「知過必改,得能莫忘。罔談彼短,靡恃己長。信使可覆,器欲難量。」「盡璧非寶,寸陰是競。」到今天也還有其積極意義。有些描寫自然景物的話,如:「渠荷的歷,園莽抽條。枇杷晚翠,梧桐早凋。陳根委翳,落葉飄搖。」顯得優美清新。全書所選一千個字,都是古書上常用的,多數的句子也都是普通的文言語法結構,很明顯是為了適應兒童識字造句教育的需要,盡量避免了生僻字和艱澀難懂的句子,這也是頗不容易的。清褚人穫謂此書「如舞霓裳於寸木,抽長緒於亂絲」,明代以詩古文名家、獨主文壇二十年的王世貞稱之為絕妙文章,絕不是偶然的。為了渲染和強調作者的功力才華,據唐代李綽的《尚書故實》記載,周興嗣作此書「一夕編綴進上,鬢髮皆白」,這就有點玄乎了。
  《千字文》問世後,不但蒙館塾師用作兒童識字課本,在社會上也廣泛流傳,從前商人賬冊,考場試卷以至大部頭書卷冊的編號,也常以「天地玄黃……」為序。不但在漢民族中流傳,還出現了滿漢對照本和蒙漢對照本。甚至不只在中國流傳,還遠傳至日本。日本書商曾將胡曾《詠史詩》、李瀚《蒙求》與周興嗣《千字文》合刻在一起,稱為《明本排字增廣附音釋文三註》。
  由於《千字文》的名氣很大,一些書法大家也競相書寫。據《尚書故實》記載:「右軍孫智永禪師,自臨八百本散與人間,江南諸寺各留一本。」除智永所書《千字文》外,留傳至今的還有唐懷素、歐陽詢,宋徽宗趙佶,元趙孟頫,明文徵明,清劉石菴等眾多的書法名家各種字體的本子。
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About Cosmos Books

Cosmos Books Ltd., one of the largest publishing organizations in Hong Kong, was established in 1976. The company primarily published Chinese books of popular culture and humanities, as well as books about science, economy, environment etc. With more than 100 books newly published every year, the company plays a prominent role in the publishing industry of Hong Kong.

 

The company has long valued the work of local writers and has been publishing a quantity of well-known pieces for over 40 years. Books written by famous authors, such as Yi Shu, Lilian Lee, Chua Lam and Mary Jean Reimer have been well received by readers. Moreover, it devotes a great effort to nurture young writers. By publishing quite a number of books with themes such as contemporary Chinese thinking, history and culture, Cosmos Books Ltd. influences the Chinese reading world greatly and wins huge reputation for the published work.

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